The bizarre gap between the theoretical expectations of the main neutrino research project and the experimental results could be the hallmark of an elusive “sterile” neutrino – a very quiet particle, which can only be detected by the silence left in its place.
This is not the first time the discrepancy has been observed, as well as previous experimental data suggesting something strange in the world of neutrino research. This was discovered in the Buxon Experiment on Sterile Transformations (BEST).
Clear evidence of fictional disinfection neutrinos could offer physicists a powerful candidate to supply the mysterious universe with dark matter. On the other hand, this can lead to problems with the paradigms used to describe bizarre old-school behavior. Neutrino
Which will be an important moment in the history of physics.
“The results are very exciting,” says Steve Elliott, a physicist at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
“This certainly confirms the discrepancies we have seen in previous experiments. But what this means is not clear. Now there are conflicting conclusions about sterile neutrinos.
Despite being one of the most abundant particles in the universe, neutrinos are known to be difficult to capture. When you have only mass, no electric charge, and you recognize your existence only by weak atomic energy, it is easy to move through the density of matter without hindrance.
Neutrino’s haunting movement is not the only attractive quality. The quantum wave of each particle changes as it emerges, vibrating into different “flavors” that resonate with the negatively charged particles – electrons, muons and tau.
In a study of neutrino oscillations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in the US in the 1990s, I noticed a time lag in this turn that left room for a fourth taste, which would not arise as a ripple in a weak nuclear domain.
Hidden in silence, the sterile taste of neutrinos will show up in their interactions with a little pause.
BEST is protected from sources of cosmic neutrinos one mile below the rocks on the roller coasters of the Caucasus. It has a dual-chamber liquid gallium tank that collects neutrinos emitted from radioactive chromium cores in moderation.
After measuring how much gallium has been converted to germanium isotopes in each tank, researchers can work backwards to determine the number of direct collisions of neutrinos as they oscillate in the taste of electrons.
Similar to the ‘gallium anomaly’ of the Los Alamos experiment, the researchers measured five to one-fourth less germanium than expected, indicating a deficiency in the expected number of electron neutrinos.
This does not mean that the neutrino briefly adopted a sterile taste. Many other discoveries for weak particles come empty-handed, making the models used to predict transitions somewhat misleading.
That’s not a bad thing at all. Improvements in the basic structure of molecular physics could have significant consequences, possibly revealing gaps in standard form that could explain some of the great mysteries that remain in science.
If this is indeed a symptom of sterile neutrinos, then at last we may have evidence of a large amount of matter, but it only creates a gravity screen in the fabric of space.
This is the sum of the dark matter that only one piece of its puzzle will depend on further experiments with the most haunted particles there.
The research was published in 2011 Physics Review Letters And that Physical review c.