A cloud of respiratory viruses is always spreading in our daily lives, but the arrival of Sars-Cov-2, which causes covid, creates an outbreak of infection, which mainly affects children. Instructions are given for the care and prevention of young children during this period Frequent flu.
Children between the ages of 0 and 4 occupy a prominent position in Ceará’s Emergency Care Units (UPAs) for counseling for flu syndrome. In general, demand for small businesses was 3% of the total in January and increased to 19.5% in February.
Before the infection can be cured, due to the weakness of the body, the child may become the target Other diseases Respiratory precipitation, reduced vaccination coverage, and the release of masks meet the appropriate conditions for the virus.
Like a kind of competition, viruses compete for space in the population. And the coronavirus has the advantage of being highly contagious, like the Ômicron type, to secure its location.
“When you get a new virus in this circulation, which is actually causing the virus to spread continuously in the population, other viruses have to endure some kind of pressure,” explains virologist and biomedical doctor Mario Oliveira.
Experts explain that some viruses spread Seasonality, I.e., in a specific period. Influenza, for example, usually appears in December and intensifies in January and February.
The most common respiratory viruses are:
- Influenza A and B.
- Sars-Cov-2 (coronavirus)
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
“They are all spreading and trying to cause infections, mainly in children from a few months to 5 years, which is most common because the immune system is still developing,” Mario adds.
Serial viruses were already occurring, but epidemics caused by the epidemic Intensify the situation This year. Among them, 2 years of isolation, lack of social interaction, when the immune system is weakened.
Pediatrician Isabella Tamira says that now, when a child recovers from an infection, a new window may open.
“He still has a persistent cough, runny nose, and when this is resolved, he comes in contact with various other toxins and re-opens his breathing,” he added.
Sometimes, it may seem like it’s just a disease, persistent, but in reality you have many respiratory infections caused by different viruses.
That is why it is important to know what the disease is and to take measures to control the disease, as he explains.
“The issue of Covid has come to the fore, as we must keep in mind that every picture of the flu should still be a suspicious case, which, if positive, must be tested and isolated,” he added.
In the context of the emergence of subvarients, this precaution needs to be intensified, as highlighted by epidemiologist Ligia Kerr.
“The corona virus is highly contagious, and there have been no reports of more infectious diseases than measles, which can be the most contagious of these fresh strains of Ômicron,” he said.
Is it possible to be infected with more than one virus?
Cases of viral infection, when more than one agent acts on the same patient, are common, as Mario Oliveira refers. In these cases, there may be an opening for other diseases as well.
“In general, the virus opens the door for bacteria, which leads to secondary infections,” he adds. But in case of co-infection, it does not mean trouble.
Isabella adds, “In the case of an infection, the child’s condition may not be worse, but it can certainly happen, especially in patients who already have some underlying disease”, adds Isabella.
There are, for example, children with asthma or neurological diseases More sensitive In severe cases. “The main guideline is personal hygiene care, hand washing or isolation with 70% alcohol, covid test”, strengthens the pediatrician.
Virologists also note the importance of vaccination. “We know that vaccines are important, primarily, to prevent the severity of a specific disease. When you have a large number of people vaccinated, the blood circulation of microorganisms will definitely decrease.
This reduces the blood circulation of the virus and also eliminates the period when the vaccine is working. Depending on the vaccine, it may take a few years or months, like coronavirus, that you need to take other doses.
Broadcast stop policies
Ligia Kerr explains that vaccinating agents against coronavirus accomplish this task Avoid serious situations and deaths Disease, but still circulation of SARS-Cove-2.
“The vaccine provides very little protection against infection, which starts in the upper respiratory tract of the nose and throat. Antibodies made by the vaccine are still a long way off, so they can’t stop the virus from entering, ”he explains.
Expert recommendations are:
- Isolation in case of runny nose, fever, sneezing and cough
- Covid test
- Wash hands and use 70% alcohol
- Nasal lavage to prevent discharge and secondary complications
Therefore, experts defend Continuous use of the maskA second dose of vaccine against covid – as well as influenza – is used to increase protection.
“Despite the death vaccine, hospital admissions are on the rise, so we need to be careful. For the kids, removing the masks was a mistake, we spent 2 years and all of a sudden everything opens up. And it’s not like that, ”he insists.