Take note of the prevention of the spread of monkeypox in at least 20 countries, including suspected cases in Brazil.
Luiz Fernando said the situation needs to be monitored and experts cannot repeat the early mistakes of the Covid-19 epidemic which delayed the identification of cases and contributed to the spread of the virus.
“Although smallpox is not as contagious or dangerous as coronavirus, scientists say people with smallpox need clear guidance on how to differentiate themselves, more clear advice on how to protect people at risk, and better testing and contact.” “Tracing”, he pointed out.
According to the risk alert, monkeypox is a rare zoonotic viral disease caused by the monkeypox virus. It was first discovered in 1958 in monkey colonies set up for research. In 1970, the first human case of monkeypox was reported in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then, monkeypox has been reported in many other Central and West African countries. As of May 27, 2022, 310 cases have been reported in 22 non-African countries, with 305 confirmed cases, mostly in Europe. Five cases are under suspicion. The natural reservoir of monkeypox is unknown. However, African rats and non-human animals (such as monkeys) can harbor the virus and infect humans.
Signs and symptoms
Fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes (tongue), chills, fatigue.
Within 1 to 3 days after the onset of fever (sometimes longer) the patient develops a rash (skin lesion), usually starting on the face and spreading to other parts of the body. In the final stage, there is a crust in the wound. In case of suspicion, immediately isolate the person.
The incubation period is usually 6 to 16 days, but can be up to 21 days. When the shell disappears, the person stops infecting others. Separation of persons should be abolished only after their disappearance.
This is what happens when a person comes in contact with a virus. It can be from contact with sick animals, contaminants or humans. Human-to-human transmission can be caused by respiratory secretions (drops), skin lesions (although not visible), recent contaminants, and secretions from body fluids and mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth).
People who show symptoms should contact a sick animal or human or contaminated material, or have traveled abroad in the last month before symptoms start, and should seek medical help and report.