You may have heard someone say that cardiovascular disease or heart problems are calm. But no matter how subtle your body may be, it is a sign that your heart health is in danger.
If you are in any of the risk groups, be sure to pay attention to the symptoms and take regular exams because of the disease you already have, no matter how young.
Prevention and early diagnosis are the most important measures to prevent the consequences of heart problems that can be fatal in many cases.
According to the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, cardiovascular diseases affecting the heart and circulatory system are the leading causes of death in Brazil, more than any other type of cancer, with accidental and violent deaths, respiratory illnesses and infections.
Many of these cases can be prevented with simple preventative measures and can be treated if they are detected early. For this, it is important to know the signs that indicate a potential heart problem.
Here are some signs that you may be at risk of having a heart problem.
Some groups of people need extra care
Before you look at the signs of a heart problem, it is important to know which groups of people are most at risk for developing this problem, so that attention and care will be doubled:
Uncontrolled hypertension (hypertension)
Overweight and obesity
Bad eating habits, high in fat and sugar.
Family history of heart disease
Signs of heart problems
The first thing to remember is that signs of heart problems do not always appear suddenly or unexpectedly. This is important to mention because we often associate heart problems with a heart attack.
In fact, a heart attack is a very serious form of heart attack and is characterized by sudden chest pain, shortness of breath, and fainting.
But, the signs are not always so shocking and sudden. Cardiovascular diseases develop over time and can be confused with everyday situations, such as poor physical condition, snoring, or fatigue.
So, when you see the following signs, consult a doctor and get checked regularly, as they can reverse serious conditions.
Fatigue is a feeling of extreme fatigue, exhaustion and lack of energy.
It is natural for a person living a sedentary life to get short of breath while starting exercise. But over time, her condition improved, and gradually she began to feel less tired with the level and load of exercise.
It is not uncommon to experience extreme fatigue during light, daily activities, such as walking, bending, or cleaning the house. Excessive fatigue during light activity that does not require much energy indicates that the heart is weak and cannot pump blood properly.
Fatigue is a very important symptom and is one of the first symptoms of many heart problems, such as:
Acute myocardial infection
Arrhythmia of the heart
Be aware of extreme and constant fatigue
Cold sweating is a very common symptom, which may be present at the moment of anxiety, stress or hypoglycemia, which insulin is used to control diabetic hyperglycemia.
However, cold sweats can also indicate cardiovascular problems and indicate an acute myocardial infection. Therefore, in the frequent and persistent presence of this symptom, seek medical attention to find out the cause.
Chest pain and palpitations
These are the symptoms that usually make people more concerned about potential heart problems, as they are the most characteristic and easily identified.
Chest pain may concentrate or spread to the shoulders, arms, back, and abdomen.
A heartbeat is an arrhythmia, meaning that when the heartbeat is not regular, it becomes very weak, strong (tachycardia) or irregular.
Neck and jaw pain
Pain in this area does not seem to be related to the heart, but may indicate the presence of blockages in the blood vessels, which can lead to a heart attack.
A rupture of these arteries can lead to blockage of the arteries due to accumulation of fat or blood clots. As a result, the heart stops receiving oxygen and nutrients, resulting in the death of its cells.
Depending on which artery is affected and the duration of the infection, the heart may stop working completely.
Dizziness and fainting
Sudden dizziness or fainting may indicate cardiovascular problems, resulting in decreased blood supply to the brain. These signs can occur just moments before a person has a heart attack.
Persistent dizziness can be a sign of a heart problem
Bluish tinge to fingernails or nails
The constant chills of the hands and feet, which cause the toenails and nails to turn blue, can be a sign of heart failure.
In heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough blood to irrigate all parts of the body, prioritizing vital organs and irrigating the limbs less. As a result, hands and feet get colder than other parts of the body.
Swelling and pain in the legs
Due to the action of gravity, when a person has a heart attack, the legs, ankles and feet become more swollen and painful.
This problem causes fluid retention, the legs being the areas that suffer the most from swelling. Breathing difficulties are also a common symptom when a person is asleep or doing some physical activity.
Urinating several times a night
Weakening of the myocardium, which is the heart muscle, is associated with fluid retention. Therefore, if you need to get up more often than usual to urinate at night, it may be a sign of heart failure.
Nocturnal cough is also a symptom of heart failure because when fluid builds up in the lungs, the cough is a natural reaction of the body. Frequent coughing and wheezing does not mean pneumonia or asthma.
Therefore, if you have a cough and difficulty breathing when you sleep, you should see a cardiologist to check your heart health.
Inhibitory sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is difficulty breathing during sleep, which causes the person to stop breathing for a few seconds at night, with at least 10 seconds of breathing pauses.
Decreased oxygen levels in the blood are perceived as a warning sign by the body, causing the blood vessels to constrict, causing the blood to circulate faster, so the brain and heart should not be left without oxygen. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular problems.
Nausea, loss of appetite and abdominal pain
These are not only symptoms of digestive problems but can also indicate heart problems.
Symptoms of nausea and loss of appetite may be due to changes in the physiology of the heart that impair proper function of the right side of the limb. In addition, these symptoms can be caused by problems with the arteries that supply blood to the lungs.
A broken heart can also cause fluid to accumulate. When this perception occurs around the pelvic organs, it can result in digestive problems, abdominal pain, or an enlarged liver.
Preventing heart problems
It is important to remember that preventing heart problems is not a difficult task as it basically involves cultivating healthy habits and regular checkups.
Knowing the signs of a heart problem is very important for you to seek medical help early in the problem, as it increases the chances of treatment being effective and avoids serious complications, which can be fatal.
So, every day, remember:
Eat healthy, avoid excess fat and sugar and increase your intake of healthy proteins, vegetables and fruits.
Exercise regularly with aerobic and resistance exercises (weight training).
Practice activities that help you relieve stress and anxiety.
Plan an annual checkup with heart tests.
Source: https://www.mundoboaforma.com.br/sinais-que-podem-indicar-um-problema-no-coracao/ – Field Expert: Dr. Lucio Pashekoa